Pyramids of Giza
- Built: Completed around 2560 BC (took approximately 20 years to build)
- Location: The Giza Necropolis (Present Day Cairo, Egypt)
- Built for who: Pharoah Khufu
- Significance / Function: Tomb of Pharaoh Khufu
- Height: 139 meters
- What: These were 3 pyramids in Egypt. The Great Pyramid was the largest. These pyramids were really a wonderful work of engineering.
- Built: Around 1450 AD, at the height of the Inca
- Location: Cuzco Region, Peru
- Built by: Incas
- Significance / Function: There is not a definite answer, below are five theories.
- It was the Last Incan City
- It was a Nunnery
- It was a Royal Retreat
- It was a recreation of Inca Creation Myth
- It was to honor a sacred landscape.
- Length: 2,430 meters
- What: It was an Inca city that was believed to be built at the height of this tribe. However, it was abandoned about an estimated hundred years after the construction. We are not sure of why it was abandoned, but some people have come up with theories to explain the disappearance of this tribe.
- Built: Though it may have been settled by at least 600 BC, the city’s structures were built during what is called the Classic period of Maya history, from 250 AD to 900 AD.
- Location: Tikal, Guatemala
- Built by: Mayans
- Significance / Function: the capital of the Mayans
- Height: Around 70 meters
- What: This site lies in the midst of rainforests. It represents one of the most impressive architectural accomplishments of the Maya. It includes five extremely high pyramids.
- Built: About from 70 – 80 AD
- Location: Rome
- Built: Vespasian commanded for it to be built. His son Titus opened the Colosseum.
- Significance / Function: to provide a source of entertainment, including gladiator fights, and combats between wild animals
- Length: 189 meters long, 156 meters wide, outer circumference 545 meters
- What: It was a place built for entertainment of the people. The gladiators would fight each other, fight animals, and sometimes there would be naval battles. An impressive system of canals and aqueducts ran to fill up the Colosseum for the naval battles.
- Built: 447 – 432 AD (Age of Pericles)
- Location: Athens, Greece
- Who: Dedicated to Athena, the city’s patron deity
- Significance / Function: A symbol of the victory against the invading Persian armies
- Height: 14 meters
- What: It was a magnificent temple that remained in use for more than 1,000 years. The time, explosions, looting, or erosion did not completely break down this amazing structure. It still stands tall in the modern city, Athens.
- Built: 1632 – 1653 AD
- Location: Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India
- Who: commissioned by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan
- Significance / Function: It was built as a memory of his wife who died due to childbirth.
- Height: 73 meters
- What: It is an enormous mausoleum of white marble. Taj Mahal is the jewel in Muslim art in India and a universally admired building in the world.
The Great Wall of China
- Built: 221 – 206 BC
- Location: stretches across Northern China
- Who: Not definite, but some say Emperor Qin Shihuang
- Significance / Function: Protect the people and territory from invasion
- Length: 21,196 km
- What: The Great Wall of China is the world’s longest wall and biggest ancient architecture. It was man-made and they used stone, soil, sand, and brick to build this structure.